SYNOPSIS: Miss Mary Sutherland, angry and beside herself with feelings of loss, asks Sherlock Holmes to solve the sudden, mysterious disappearance of a shy and attentive man she has grown to love upon the very day they were to be married. A Case of Identity is another short story within The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. The narrative depicts a rather weird plot regarding a woman, Miss. Mary Sutherland, her missing fiancé, Mr Hosmer Angel and their connection with her stepfather, Mr James Windibank. “life is infinitely stranger than anything which the mind of man could invent. We would not dare to conceive the things which are really mere commonplaces of existence. If we could fly out of that window hand in hand, hover over this great city, gently remove the roofs, and peep in at the queer things which are going on, the strange coincidences, the plannings, the cross-purposes, the wonderful chains of events, working through generations, and leading to the most outré results, it would make all fiction with its conventionalities and foreseen conclusions …
Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson are called on to investigate the bizarre proceedings of The Red-Headed League, a philanthropic society which promotes the interests of men with red hair by paying them handsomely to perform small tasks. Holmes soon realises that The League is not as charitable as it appears but rather part of an ingenious criminal plot involving the fourth smartest man in London.
I remain, dear Mr Sherlock Holmes, very truly yours.
I only caught a glimpse of her at the moment, but she was a lovely woman, with a face that a man might die for.
Holmes is hired by the King of Bohemia to recover blackmail evidence, held by the woman whom the king once promised to marry, but who he abandoned for a woman of noble birth.